Implementation of the European Market Coupling is to take place under regional projects which are then to merge into a pan-European project. Currently, the following four projects are being developed:
MRC (Multi Regional Coupling) – the basic Market Coupling initiative in Europe, developed until 13 May 2014 under the name of NWE (North-Western Europe). It is the largest and most advanced project, which started operation on 4 February 2014 through market coupling of the Central Western Europe (CWE) region and the Nordic countries including Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia based on the PCR market coupling mechanism recognised as the target solution for the whole of Europe, and the NTC allocation mechanism. As of 13 May 2014, the NWE project was joined by the South-Western Europe (SWE) countries – Spain and Portugal.
The pan-European MRC energy market (Multi Regional Coupling) covers most of EU territory, except the Central and South-Eastern Europe countries. Poland has been participating directly in MRC since 2016, as allocation of transmission capacity takes place within that market on the Swe-Pol and Lit-Pol interconnections. In May 2017, we became a full member of MRC.
CWE FB – initiative of the CWE region consisting in a change of the method of capacity calculation from ATC to coordinated FBA. The project was launched in May 2015. Since then, some of the borders subject to the MRC mechanism are allocated according to the Flow-Based Market Coupling methodology, while the rest as ATC (in technical terms, it is absolutely feasible).
CORE FB MC – a project of the Central-Eastern Europe region (Germany, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Austria and Slovenia) which provides for the implementation of the market coupling mechanism based on PCR and the FBA allocation mechanism and joining the MRC region. The project started operation as CEE FB MC. Currently, after the coupling of the CWE and CEE regions, the CEE FBMC project is implemented as a joint project of the CORE FBMC region. The planned completion, including the covering of the Polish-German, Polish-Czech and Polish Slovakian borders, will take place in late 2019/early 2020.
4M (lub 4MC) - NTC MC operating in the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Romania. The process is performed on the basis of the MRC (PCR) methodologies and tools but it is independent of it (two separate data centres, a different trading gate, i.e. 11:00). The project was launched owing to delays in the CEE FBMC project as a transitional solution, and has been trying to join MRC from its start. MRC members from Continental Europe have so far been strongly against NTC-based coupling between 4M and MRC – the reason was a lack of coordination in capacity calculation, which, combined with the highly efficient MRC mechanism could pose a threat to network operation security of Continental Europe. Planned coupling of 4M with MRC is to take place together with CORE FB MC, i.e. in late 2019/early 2020.